Pattadakkal was the cultural capital of Chalukya Kings, though their political capital was at Badami. The coronation ceremonies of the Chalukyan Kings were taken place at this temple.
At present, Pattadakkal- a world Heritage site of UNESCO, is a temple complex having about ten temples, including a Jain temple.
The Sangameswara temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is the oldest among them. The temple dates back to the eight century AD. It is built by the Chalukya King Vijayaditya Satyashrya (696-733AD). The temple is in Dravidian style of Hindu temple architecture.
A striking feature of the architecture of Pattadakal temples is its inclination towards the Vesara style of Hindu temple architecture. This style is the fusion of the Dravida style of Hindu Temple architecture of South India and the Nagara style of Hindu temple architecture of North India.
The Chalukyas were the proponents of this style. Thus, the Papanatha temple of this temple complex blends beautifully the Dravida and Nagara style. It is a specimen to the Vesara style of Hindu temple architecture.
The Virupaksha temple and Mallikarjuna temple are the other two noteworthy temples in this complex.
The Virupaksha temple is the biggest among the Pattadakkal temples. It is built to commemorate the victory of Chalukyas over the Pallavas of Kanchipuram. Thus, this temple resembles the Kailasnath temple at Kanchipuram in its architectural plan.
Pattadakkal is about 22 kilometers from Badami and 514 kilometers from Bangalore.